HOW CAN WE STOP LANGUAGE DECAY?
A language is frequently deemed extinct before its final native speaker has passed away. A language is essentially extinct if it is only spoken by a small group of elderly people who are no longer communicating using it. A language that has fallen to such a low level of usage is typically referred to as moribund. The younger generations of youngsters are not being taught the other half of the spoken languages in the globe. The process of transmission stops once a language ceases to be a native tongue, which occurs when no children are being socialized into using it as their first language. As a result, the language will not survive past the present generations. Rarely is language death a sudden occurrence; rather, it is a gradual process whereby each generation learns progressively less of the language until its use is restricted to more traditional contexts, including poetry and music. Usually, language transmission from adults to children becomes increasingly limited, with the end result being that parents who speak the language will have children who never develop fluency.
Language revitalization is an attempt to slow or reverse language death. According to Ghil’ad Zuckermann, “language reclamation will become increasingly relevant as people seek to recover their cultural autonomy, empower their spiritual and intellectual sovereignty, and improve wellbeing. There are various ethical, aesthetic, and utilitarian benefits of language revival—for example, historical justice, diversity, and employability, respectively. Click here to find out how to effectively reconnect with your culture
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Factors that prevent language death
- There must be a dominant culture that favors linguistic diversity
- The endangered community must possess an ethnic identity that is strong enough to encourage language preservation
- The creation and promotion of programs that educate students on the endangered language and culture
- The creation of school programs that are both bilingual and bicultural
- For native speakers to receive teacher training
- The endangered speech community must be completely involved
- There must be language materials created that are easy to use
- The language must have written materials that encompass new and traditional content
- The language must be used in new environments and the areas the language is used (both old and new) must be strengthened