AFRICAN FACTS – CULTURE, TRIBES AND HISTORY

AFRICA FACTS - CULTURE, TRIBES AND HISTORY

Africa Is Home to 5 Famous Record Breaking Animals

The second of our Africa facts tells us a bit about the continent’s animal kingdom. While the wildlife is, generally speaking, very diverse in Africa, some of the most well-known animals are record breakers. The world’s largest mammal, the African elephant is found here, as is the fastest land animal on Earth – the cheetah. You’ll find the gorilla, which is the world’s largest primate, and the Nile crocodile, which is the world’s largest reptile. Finally, Africa is also home to the world’s tallest mammal – the giraffe.

There Are Believed to Be around 3,000 Different African Tribes

However, some people think this figure might be a gross underestimation, with the real number much, much higher! The oldest tribe in the country is believed to be the San who live in the Kalahari Desert and are now a farming tribe. However, thousands of years ago they were actually hunter/gatherers. Probably the most well-known and recognisable tribe is the Tutsi. This tribe is the second largest caste in Rwanda and Burundi.

Africans Were among the First People to Mummify Their Dead

The next of our Africa facts centres on the culture surrounding death and the afterlife. It is believed that African people were among the first to mummify the corpses of their dead – almost 9,000 years ago. This fact was discovered when the mummified body of an infant child was found in Uan Muhuggiag in southern Libya. The child’s body was found curled in the foetal position and the technique used to mummify it was very sophisticated for the time.

All Human History Has Its Roots in Africa

The oldest known human remains have all been excavated from sites in east Africa. Human remains found in Ethiopia were dated back to at least 200,000 years ago. The oldest known ancestral type of pre-human skeleton found on the continent is called australopithecus ramidus, and these ancestors were known to exist around 4.4 million years ago.

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Africa’s Sahara Dessert Is the Largest in the World

The Sahara is the world’s largest non-polar desert. It measures some 3.5 million square miles in surface area. It is found in the northern half of the country and actually covers huge sections of the following countries: Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Western Sahara, Sudan and Tunisia.

 

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